Care while putting drops in your eyes by DR ALPA ATUL
- December 19, 2018
- Win Vision
IMPORTANT POINTS TO REMEMBER
- Follow your doctor’s advice. Timing of the medicine/drop application is very important toget proper and adequate response of the medications
- Inform your doctor about any other drugs you may be taking (including over-the-counter items like vitamins, aspirin, and herbal supplements)
- Inform to your Doctor and Paramedical staff about any allergies you may have.
- It is very important to be aware of how to apply/use eye drops properly. Proper application will save your time and wastage/overdose of medications especially in the case of prescription drops.
- Eye drops can be kept till expiry date without any problem, but one opened should be discarded in one month. Some Drops are for daily use and throw and some drops can be used for 3 months. Please read instructions written on it carefully and follow it.
- Most of the drops need to be keep away from sun light. Some drops require proper temperature for self-life.
- If there is any doubt, please feel free to reach us.
HOW TO OPEN THE BOTTLE
- Rotate the cap of bottle in clockwise direction, this will create hole in the bottle. After that you can rotate cap in opposite direction and open the cap and check whether drops are coming out of bottle or not. Never use any other instrument like needle to create hole in the bottle.
- Some drops are with pre-opened hole, you just need to remove the safety cap.
- Never open bottle with needle or any sharp objects.
PRECAUTIONS WHILE APPYING DROPS
- Wash your hands before putting in your eye drops; then pat dry them with a clean towel/tissue paper.
- Once you remove the dropper cap then look closely at the tip to make sure it is not cracked or otherwise damaged.
- Be careful not to let the tip of the dropper touch your hand or any part of your eye.
- Store eye drops and all medicines out of the reach of children.
- If you are wearing contact lenses, remove them before putting the drop unless your doctor advised you to use the drops over the contact lens.
STEP BY STEP APPROACH ON HOW TO PUT DROP IN YOUR EYES YOURSELF
- Open the cap and put it in nearby clean area facing upside down to avoid contamination.
- Start by tilting your head backward while sitting, standing, or lying down and look up at the ceiling. Concentrate on a point on the ceiling, keeping your eye wide open.
- With your index finger placed on the soft spot just below the lower lid, gently pull down the lower lid to form a pocket between your lower eyelid and your eyeball.
- Use your other hand to hold the eye drop bottle, pointing the tip downward. Resting your hand on your forehead may help to steady the bottle.
- Hold the bottle close to your eye (about an inch away). Be careful not to let the dropper touch your hand, eye or eyelashes, since this can introduce bacteria and other organisms into the eye drops in the bottle.
- Squeeze lightly to instill one drop into the pocket in your lower lid. Don't blink too much, wipe your eye, or touch the tip of the bottle on your eye or face.
- Remove your hands from your face, gently close your eyes and tilt your head down for a few seconds. Try not to blink, as this can force some of the drop out of your eye before it has had a chance to be absorbed.
- To keep as much of the drop on your eye as possible, press lightly on the inner corner of your eyelid, over your nose. A small duct that drains tears away from your eye and into your nose is located here. By pressing at this point, you close down the opening of this drainage duct, allowing the eye drop to remain on the surface of your eye little longer.
- This technique also minimizes the strange/bitter taste you may get in your mouth after applying certain eye drops.
- Use a clean tissue to absorb and wipe away any drops that spill out of your eye and onto your eyelids and face.
- If you are using eye drops on both eyes, repeat this procedure for the second eye.
- Replace the cap of the bottle and screw it on securely. Never wipe the dropper tip with anything, as this may contaminate the drops.
- You need to keep your eyes closed for 1-3 minutes after putting drops
- Wash your hands to clean away any stray eye drops.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU NEED TO USE MORE THAN ONE EYE DROPS
- Sometimes, you may be prescribed more than one type of medicated eye drop. But if you apply the drops too quickly in succession, they may drop out of the eye and not be absorbed properly, reducing the therapeutic effect.
- If you need to put a second eye drop in the same eye, wait at least five to ten minutes. This will give time for the first drop to be fully absorbed and create more space for the second drop on the eye and also keep the first drop from being washed out by the second before it has had time to work. You may confirm with you doctor which one should be used first or sequence.
PUTTING DROPS, YOURSELF
- If you aren't comfortable putting drops in your eyes, a little practice with artificial tears can help you master the task quickly. Purchase a package of preservative-free artificial tears to use for practice. (Don't practice with prescription eye drops — you don't want to risk over- medicating.) Using a preservative-free formula eliminates the risk of you being allergic to preservatives found in many artificial tears. Also, choose a product formulated for mild dry eyes — these drops aren't as thick as those made for moderate or severe dry eyes, so they won't cause any temporary blurred vision.
- Ask a family member/friend to coach you while you are practicing. In particular, have them help you position the applicator at the proper distance and location above your eye so the drops fall directly on the surface of your eye or in the space between your eye and your pulled-down lower lid.